Herd Health

Herd Health and Management

Our goats are CAE free. All goats are fed a wholesome ration depending on status and age. Breeding bucks and does get a feed ration custom blended including sunflower seeds, whole grains and grain byproducts,. Kids get a blended sweet feed and calf manna from our local Farm Stores with Deccox for coccidia prevention. All goats get year round pasture and grass hay as well as a high quality custom mineral mix and a salt block is always available. Heavy milking does are supplemented with extras. All animals are on a chemical worming program. We do believe in prevention    

Goat Facts:

 

Eating Habits:

Goats are ruminants or cud chewing animals that eat cracked or ground corn mixed with oats, hay and grass. Most breeders and producers prefer to limit the amount of corn in a goat's diet, preferring to feed specialized goat feed mixes with the majority of the diet being made up in a mixed, grassy alfalfa and other weeds, browse and shrubs known to be compatible with a goat's nutritional needs.

Goats also have specific mineral and vitamin requirements that determine their overall health and production. These requirements often vary between breeds of goats and coloration of the goat. Most people believe that goats will eat almost anything and this is simply not true. The goat has very sensitive lips and their natural curiosity gives them a habit of "mouthing" and "smelling" for food that is clean and tasty. Goats will not eat soiled food (unless they are pushed to the point of starvation - often preferring to starve).

Teeth:

Goats have a lower set of teeth which meet a hard pad in the upper jaw, and 24 molars on the top and bottom in the back of their mouths. Kids have 8 small, sharp teeth in their lower front jaw, and like children, when their baby teeth fall out they are replaced by permanent teeth. The age of a goat can often be closely determined by their teeth.

Health:

The overall health of a goat is largely determined by their environment, genetics and nutrition. There are a number of illnesses that can affect a goat both in chronic and curable form. Some of these illnesses can be passed to humans and other animals while some illnesses are specific to goats. Much research is being done to provide more drugs that are approved for use in goats.

Two illnesses that can bring sudden death to a goat are coccidiosis and pneumonia. Of most concern to breeders and producers are worms and parasites. A goat that is ridden with parasites and worms and left untreated will most likely suffer a rapid decline in health, production and often result in death.

De-Worming:

We do our own fecal tests to check for worms and de-worm when needed with either Valbazen, Ivomec or Synanthic. It depends on the type of worm that we are dealing with and the age of the goats. Valbazen  should never be used on pregnant does during a certain stage of pregnancy (It can cause abortions and deformities in the kids if it does not abort them).  Ivomec cattle injection  solution given by mouth. is our de-wormer of choice with Valbanzen as our second choice. Keep in mind I do our own fecals so Iknow what works for us and what doesn't. Goats need a chemical de-wormer. If you trust herbal de-wormer then do fecals OFTEN  If you purchase a goat; no matter where from, a good practice is to have a fecal done and de-worm accordingly. Be sure to tell your vet you want to know the exact egg count the fecal shows and what type parasite To check for anemia it is best to look in there lower eyelid the gums are not as accurate. Pale pink or white eyelids indicate you have a very bad anemia problem. For your goats sake please take a fecal sample to a vet if you suspect your goat has worms!

Delousing:

Our goats are de-liced with Cylence to prevent lice. Yes, goats can and do get lice, that is why we find it is best to always use prevention. Cylence works great and we use it two to three times a year as a prevention method. The dose we use is 1cc per 25 lbs dripped down there back.

Housing:

Our bucks are kept in separate quarters from our does. We do not allow the bucks and does to run together!  Buck kids are seperated at 5-6 weeks, or earlier, from the doe kids. A buck can and will breed young so it is a must to seperate them . Our grown bucks are also always housed seperately from the does. All of our does are taken to We do not ever leave the adult bucks and does together. Kids are also housed in seperate areas from the adults. They are not with the adults until around the time they reach one year of age. Buck kids are never placed with adult bucks! Kids are housed in seperate age groups.

Vaccines:

We give CD&T (Tetanus and Enterotoxemia) vaccines to all our does one month before they aredue to kid! BoSe (Selenium and Vitamin E) is given when needed.Kids are given a CD&T shot at 3-4 weeks of age and another 3 weeks later. After that goatsneed a yearly CD&T booster shot. We use Bar-Vac CD&T shots on all of our goats.Vaccinations are very important to give they could very well mean the life or death of yourgoat.

Weight and Physical Characteristics:

Depending on their breed, female goats weigh between 22 to 220 pounds, whereas male goats weigh between 27 to 275 pounds and are bigger and shaggier in appearance than females. Male goats are also endowed with beards that grow longer as they get older. Female goats are also capable of growing a beard. With the advent of the Boer or "meat goat" in the United States, these standards are becoming somewhat variable.

Coloration:

Widely accepted as a "standard", depending upon the breed, goats may be cream, white, black or brown in coloring. However, as more cross-breeding and genetic enhancement is achieved, the results are often dazzling sets of colors not previously seen. In my experiences, cross-breeding can often result in the offspring displaying both sets of colors from the original breeds. These cross-bred goats are often referred to as "Brush Goats".

Eyes:

The pupil in a goat's eye is rectangular in shape instead of being round like those of other animals. It is believed that goats have excellent night vision and will often browse at night. The actual color of the goat's eyes is varied with the most common color being yellow or brown. Blue coloration is a bit rarer and often a characteristic many breeders will try to achieve.

Lifespan:

Goats generally live 10 to 12 years. There have been cases of goats living up to 15 years.

Behavior:

The behavior of a goat can vary widely based upon a number of factors such as breed, surroundings, and size of the herd. For the most part, goat behavior is often summed up as: goats are very sociable, lively, inquisitive and independent animals. They are also quite intelligent and can learn how to open latches on farm gates. Goats are also herd animals and they must have heard companions.

One particular behavior of goats that is intriguing is that while they are independent, they often prefer to surround themselves with goats of their same breed in a mixed herd. Another example of goat behavior is that the kids will prefer to remain nearby their mother, even if separated for years and reintroduced.

Physical Capabilities:

Goats can climb, run, crawl under fences and some breeds of goats are able to jump heights of over 5 feet. It should be noted as well that most goats will also stand on their back legs to reach tree branches and shrubs.

Produce:

The main products associated with goats are milk, cheese, meat, mohair, and cashmere. Large dairy does produce 3,000 to 5,000 pounds of milk each year. (On a daily basis they produce 2 or 3 quarts of milk)


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